Copenhagen is the capital and most populous city of Denmark with a population of 775,033.
It is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand with another small portion of the city located on Amager. It is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund connected by the Øresund Bridge by rail and road.
Originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a regional centre of power with its institutions, defences and armed forces.
After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment. This included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts.
Further disasters occurred in the early 19th century when Nelson attacked the Dano-Norwegian fleet and bombarded the city. Rebuilding during the Danish Golden Age brought a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen’s architecture.
With a number of bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks, promenades and waterfronts & Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world.
Copenhagen’s landmarks such as Tivoli Gardens, The Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg and Christiansborg palaces, Rosenborg Castle Gardens, Frederik’s Church, and many museums, restaurants and nightclubs are significant tourist attractions.